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Beat The Freeze


Beat The Freeze
How to stay alive when you’re freezing to death
Beat The Freeze

Earth’s north and south extremities are among the most inhospitable on the planet. Even in the summer months temperatures are near freezing and winds can reach up to 327 kilometres (200 miles) an hour, so it’s no wonder the cold is the biggest killer here. If you’re trekking across snowy wastes, you better have packed your thermals. Shrug on multiple layers of breathable fleeces and keep them dry.

Any water will instantly freeze, as will any exposed flesh. Even nose hairs and eyelashes start icing over in minutes, so covering up is key. Your body will respond quickly to the heat loss by tightening blood vessels near your skin. This is the reason we look paler when we’re cold and why our fingers and toes become numb.
Meanwhile, your muscles will start moving involuntarily, causing you to shiver. It can boost heat production up to five times, but that uses up a lot of energy so you’ll need to keep eating and drinking. Consume six to eight litres (10.6 to 14 pints) of water every day and around 6,000 calories, three times the typical recommended daily allowance. You can get this by melting butter into your food or munching on chocolate and bacon, so it’s not all bad!
A word of warning, though: keep your eyes peeled. Hungry polar bears, particularly those with cubs to feed, can be aggressive and are masters of disguise. Flares and loud noises will often be enough to scare them away. You’ll also need to watch your step, as slipping through a crack in the ice can send you plummeting into the freezing cold ocean. It’s generally safe to walk on white ice, but grey ice is only ten to 15 centimetres (four to six inches) thick and prone to cracking, while black ice is to be avoided at all costs since it will have only just formed. Tread carefully, stay wrapped up and keep on the move if you want to have any hope of survival.

Amazing animal
The arctic fox is an incredible little animal, well adapted to living in one of the harshest environments on Earth. Its furry feet and short ears are ideally suited to conserving heat in the unforgiving, freezing environment. Its coat is also adaptable; while its habitat is snowy its fur is brilliant white, hiding it from both prey and predators. However, as the ice melts, its coat turns brown or grey to hide among the rocks of the region. The arctic fox is an omnivore, feasting on rodents, fish and birds, but it will also eat vegetation when meat is difficult to find.