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Diplodocus

Diplodocus
Diplodocus is one of the most famous dinosaurs. It belonged to the group known as the sauropodomorphs and was around in the Late Jurassic period – specifically the Kimmeridgian and Tithonian eras roughly 154-150 million years ago.

It reached sizes of up to 25 metres (82 feet) in length and was found in what is now North America. There were four species of Diplodocus, with the largest of these being Seismosaurus, which translates to ‘ground shaker’.

Diplodocus was part of the diplodocid family, sharing the same characteristic of having 15 neck vertebrae, short forelimbs compared to the rest of its body and a whip-like tail. Its giant neck made up a large proportion of its body, but there is still some contention as to whether it held its neck vertically or horizontally. Its rectangular skull contained huge eye sockets and nasal chambers. Studies of its teeth suggest that Diplodocus fed using what is known as branch stripping, where the branch of a tree is grasped in a creature’s jaw and then pulled sharply up or down, tearing off foliage.


Diplodocus was the largest dinosaur around. It was later eclipsed by other sauropods, but it roamed the tallest for at least a few million years. Numerous bones have been found and studied by palaeontologists, providing an insight into how these giant dinosaurs were able to support themselves and how they lived.

Diplodocus