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How The Celts Fought Back


How The Celts Fought Back
The Celts had a reputation for being fearsome warriors, but the advent of the Iron Age made Celtic Britain even more resistant to  overseas attack than before. The mighty Roman army took three attempts to conquer Britain and  continually struggled to rule over large parts of the island, especially in Scotland and Wales. The Celts had access to the technology to make their own swords, spears and axes, as well as shields  for protection. According to both Greek and Roman historians, the Celts would often go into battle without armour or even completely naked, covered only in war paint. Although there is some evidence to suggest that they used helmets and body armour, these were apparently rare, possibly only used by chieftains and high- ranking warriors.

The Celtic military was primarily based around infantry, but they also used chariots and – occasionally – cavalry during battles. Their tactics weren’t as advanced as the Roman testudo, for instance, but they still had some bold strategies up their sleeve.
The most famous is perhaps the Furor Celtica. Translated to ‘Celtic Fury’, it was a mass charge on the front of an enemy line that was used to disrupt and split enemy ranks. Celts on the continent were known to be more defensive and used a tight phalanx set-up, much like the original Greek formation.
The Celtic tribes had many iconic chieftains such as Vercingetorix, Caratacus and Cassivellaunus, but the most famous, without a doubt, was Boudicca (or Boadicea). The fierce and influential warrior queen of the Iceni tribe, she led a resistance force against the Roman invaders. Successfully forming an alliance with various other clans around the British Isles, her forces defeated the Roman ninth legion and sacked the Roman-ruled Colchester, Londinium (London) and Verulamium (St Albans). Boudicca was finally defeated by Roman general Paulinus at the Battle of Watling Street, but the Iceni’s stand proved that Roman rulewas far from invincible.

How The Celts Fought Back