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How Did Dinosaurs Defend Themselves?


How Did Dinosaurs Defend Themselves?
Herbivorous dinosaurs developed built-in weapons to defend against carnivores. This gave them a better chance of surviving a fight against predators. It also gave them a better chance at defending vulnerable young against predation. Some dinosaurs had sharp claws on their hands, like Iguanodons, which could have been used as a tool and as a weapon. Dinosaurs like Triceratops had horns as long as a human arm that pointed forwards so that the Triceratops could take on its enemy head on. Both these defences could have been used to stab attacking predators.

How Did Dinosaurs Defend Themselves?

Other dinosaurs used their tails as weapons. The Ankylosaurus had a heavy, bony hammer at the end of its tail. They could use this to smash into an attacking dinosaur and they were strong enough to crush skulls and break bones. Some dinosaurs were covered in tough scales like a thick coat of armour. Stegosaurus had a row of bony plates running along its spine that are thought to be used for temperature control, though it’s certainly possible that they were also used for defence. The bony plates ended along the tail but Stegosaurus remained well defended by the sharp spikes at the end of its tail. Powerful muscles could propel those spikes into an oncoming attacker. Indeed, Allosaurus remains have been found with wounds that line up perfectly with the dimensions of a Stegosaurus’s tail spikes
Larger herbivores used their size as a defence. Dinosaurs like the Diplodocus were so massive that carnivores couldn’t attack them easily. For smaller dinosaurs, running away was usually the best defence. They developed lighter bones so they could run faster. They needed to escape quickly to avoid fighting altogether.

How Did Dinosaurs Defend Themselves?