Pedia News

The Terracotta Army


The Terracotta Army
Learn about China’s ancient warriors for the afterlife
The eighth wonder of the Ancient world was discovered by accident. In 1974 in Xi’an, China, a group of farmers were digging when they uncovered a pit containing thousands of life-size warrior statues. The Terracotta Armyis part of an enormous mausoleum, built to accompany the First Emperor into the afterlife.

Over 2,000 years ago, Emperor Qin (pronounced Chin) Shi Huang had united the seven warring states into the single nation of China, which gets its name from his kingdom. The resulting peace meant there was no use for his vast army, so he set them to work building his elaborate tomb.
Much like the whole of Chinese society at the time, the Emperor was obsessed with life after death. He believed that the next world mirrored this one, so commissioned an army of life-size clay warriors to help maintain his rule. The pits were excavated and clay bases were made for each figure. All the body parts was made separately and baked in a kiln before being joined, in an impressive early example of assembly-line construction. Once complete, each warrior was baked again at 1,000 degrees Celsius to harden the final structure. 
These advanced methods make that the Terracotta army is a lasting reflection of the ingenuity of early Chinese society.

The Terracotta Army