pediagenosis: Abdomen
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Showing posts with label Abdomen. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Abdomen. Show all posts

Thursday, May 30, 2019

Transverse Section of Abdomen Level of S1 Anterior Superior Iliac Spine Anatomy

Transverse Section of Abdomen Level of S1 Anterior Superior Iliac Spine Anatomy


Transverse Section of Abdomen: Level of S1, Anterior Superior Iliac Spine Anatomy
Ileum, Vermiform appendix, Cecum, Internal abdominal oblique muscle, External abdominal oblique muscle, External iliac artery, Right ureter, Gluteus minimus muscle, Iliacus muscle, Internal iliac artery, Gluteus medius muscle, Synovial portion of sacroiliac joint, Gluteus maximus muscle, Syndesmotic portion of sacroiliac joint with interosseous ligaments
Schematic Cross Section of Abdomen at Middle T12 Anatomy

Schematic Cross Section of Abdomen at Middle T12 Anatomy


Schematic Cross Section of Abdomen at Middle T12 Anatomy
Liver, Falciform ligament, Superior epigastric vessels, Transversalis fascia, Parietal peritoneum, Visceral peritoneum of liver, Proper hepatic artery (bifurcation) Common hepatic duct, Gallbladder (neck), Cystic duct, Hepatic portal vein, Costodiaphragmatic recess of pleural cavity, Pleura, Intercostal vessels and nerve, Omental foramen (of Winslow), Common hepatic artery (retroperitoneal), Inferior vena cava, Omental bursa (lesser sac)
Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Liver Anatomy

Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Liver Anatomy


Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Liver Anatomy
Perisinusoidal spaces (Disse) very narrow or obliterated, Connective tissue of portal triad, Perisinusoidal space (Disse), Sinusoid, Perisinusoidal spaces (Disse) markedly widened, Periportal space (Mall), Superior phrenic nodes (at termination of inferior vena cava)

Tuesday, May 21, 2019

Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Small Intestine Anatomy

Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Small Intestine Anatomy


Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Small Intestine Anatomy
Thoracic duct, Cisterna chyli, Intestinal lymphatic trunk, Right and left lumbar lymphatic trunks, Celiac nodes, Superior mesenteric nodes (central superior group), Superior mesenteric nodes (juxtaintestinal group), Right lymphatic duct, Right jugular trunk, Right subclavian trunk, Thoracic duct, Left subclavian trunk.

Sunday, May 19, 2019

Blood Vessels in Parenchyma of Kidney: Schema Anatomy

Blood Vessels in Parenchyma of Kidney: Schema Anatomy


Blood Vessels in Parenchyma of Kidney: Schema Anatomy
Afferent glomerular arteriole, Efferent glomerular arteriole, Juxtamedullary glomerulus (efferent glomerular arteriole descends into renal pyramid), Renal capsule, Cortical glomerulus, Efferent glomerular arteriole (joins cortical capillary plexus), Cortical capillary plexus, Stellate veins, Corticomedullary glomerulus
Nephron and Collecting Tubule: Schema Anatomy

Nephron and Collecting Tubule: Schema Anatomy


Nephron and Collecting Tubule: Schema Anatomy
Renal capsule, Renal cortex, Subcapsular zone, Proximal convoluted tubule, Cortical renal corpuscle, Neck, Distal convoluted tubule, Henle’s loop, Descending limb, Ascending limb, Collecting duct or tubule, Juxtamedullary renal corpuscle

Thursday, May 16, 2019

Histology of Renal Corpuscle Anatomy

Histology of Renal Corpuscle Anatomy


Histology of Renal Corpuscle Anatomy
Afferent arteriole, Macula densa, Endothelium, Basement membrane, Smooth muscle, Distal convoluted tubule, Efferent arteriole, Juxtaglomerular cells, Endothelium, Visceral epithelium (podocytes), Basement membrane of capillary, Basement membrane, Parietal epithelium Bowman’s capsule, Fenestrated endothelium, Proximal tubule, Mesangial matrix and cell.
Variations in Renal Artery and Vein Anatomy

Variations in Renal Artery and Vein Anatomy


Variations in Renal Artery and Vein Anatomy
Low accessory right renal artery may pass anterior to inferior vena cava instead of posterior to it, B Inferior phrenic artery with superior suprarenal arteries may arise from renal artery (middle suprarenal artery absent), Double left renal vein may form ring around abdominal aorta, Proximal subdivision of renal artery, Multiple renal veins, Persistent left inferior vena cava may join left renal vein.
Variations in Colic Arteries Anatomy

Variations in Colic Arteries Anatomy


Variations in Colic Arteries Anatomy
Middle colic artery, Right colic artery, Ileocolic artery, Common trunk for right colic and middle colic arteries, Middle colic artery absent, Right colic artery, Ileocolic artery, Absence of middle colic artery replaced by large branch from left colic artery,
Variations in Celiac Trunk Anatomy

Variations in Celiac Trunk Anatomy


Variations in Celiac Trunk Anatomy
Common origin of celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery, Celiacomesenteric trunk, Gastrophrenic trunk, Splenic and hepatic arteries take origin from superior mesenteric, Hepatolienomesenteric trunk, Replaced right hepatic artery takes origin from superior mesenteric; inferior pancreaticoduodenal and 1st jejunal arteries from replaced right hepatic, Hepatomesenteric trunk, Incomplete celiac trunk,
Variations and Anomalies of Hepatic Portal Vein Anatomy

Variations and Anomalies of Hepatic Portal Vein Anatomy


Variations and Anomalies of Hepatic Portal Vein Anatomy
Cystic vein, Portal vein 1.09 cm, Superior pancreaticoduodenal vein, Superior mesenteric vein, Right gastroepiploic vein, Inferior pancreaticoduodenal vein, Right colic vein Ileocolic vein, Typical arrangement, Right gastric (pyloric) vein, Intestinal veins, Middle colic vein, Superior mesenteric vein, Superior mesenteric vein, Portal vein, Esophageal vein, Left gastric (coronary) vein, Left gastric (coronary) vein, Left gastric (coronary) vein, Splenic vein,
Variations in Hepatic Arteries Anatomy

Variations in Hepatic Arteries Anatomy


Variations in Hepatic Arteries Anatomy
Replaced common hepatic artery taking origin from superior mesenteric artery, Left gastric artery, Splenic artery, Gastroduodenal artery, Proximal bifurcation of common hepatic artery or right and left hepatic arteries originating separately from celiac trunk,

Thursday, May 9, 2019

Variations in Cystic Arteries Anatomy

Variations in Cystic Arteries Anatomy


Variations in Cystic Arteries Anatomy
May originate from gastroduodenal, May originate from hepatic artery proper, May originate from intermediate (or left) hepatic, May originate from normal right hepatic outside cystic triangle, Intermediate hepatic artery, Left hepatic artery, Left gastric artery, Celiac trunk, Splenic artery, Cystic artery, Right hepatic artery, Proper hepatic artery, Right gastric artery, Gastroduodenal artery,
Variations in Pancreatic Duct Anatomy

Variations in Pancreatic Duct Anatomy


Variations in Pancreatic Duct Anatomy
Accessory pancreatic duct (Santorini), abnormally large, Main pancreatic duct (Wirsung), abnormally small, Minor duodenal papilla, Major duodenal papilla, Reversal in relative size of ducts, Double accessory pancreatic duct (Santorini), Anastomosis between ducts Crossing of ducts, Double crossing of ducts No communication between ducts Double main pancreatic duct (Wirsung), Absence of accessory pancreatic duct (Santorini), Tortuosity of duct.
Variations in Arterial Supply to Cecum and Posterior Peritoneal Attachment of Cecum Anatomy

Variations in Arterial Supply to Cecum and Posterior Peritoneal Attachment of Cecum Anatomy


Variations in Arterial Supply to Cecum and Posterior Peritoneal Attachment of Cecum Anatomy
Anterior cecal and posterior cecal arteries originate from arcade between colic and ileal branches of ileocolic appendicular artery from ileal branch. Anterior cecal and posterior cecal arteries originate from colic branch; appendicular artery from ileal branch of ileocolic artery. Anterior cecal and posterior cecal arteries originate from arcade between colic and ileal branches of ileocolic artery; appendicular artery from colic branch bifurcates high.

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