pediagenosis: Thorax
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Showing posts with label Thorax. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Thorax. Show all posts

Sunday, March 17, 2019

Anterior Aspect of Heart Anatomy

Anterior Aspect of Heart Anatomy


Anterior Aspect of Heart Anatomy
Right brachiocephalic vein, Superior vena cava, Transverse pericardial sinus, Left brachiocephalic vein, Arch of aorta, Left common carotid artery, Left vagus nerve (CN X), Pulmonary trunk, Left pulmonary artery, Transverse pericardial sinus, Apex of heart, Left ventricle, Auricle of left atrium, Right atrium, Right auricle
Gas Exchange Anatomy

Gas Exchange Anatomy


Gas Exchange Anatomy
Chest expands, Alveolar pressure becomes less than airway opening, Alveolar pressure greater than at airway opening, Intercostal muscles contract, Intercostal muscles relax, Alveolar capillary, Alveolus, Alveolus (air space), Capillary lumen, Capillary plexus, Alveoli, Pulmonary veins (to heart), Pulmonary artery (from heart)

Red blood cells, Chest contracts, Elastic recoil of chest wall and lungs, Air flows into lungs, Air flows out of lungs, During inhalation, During exhalation, Endothelial cell and nucleus, Endothelial (loose) cell junctions, Fused basement membranes, Interstitium, Type I alveolar cell and nucleus, Tight cell junctions, Type II alveolar cell, Lamellar bodies, Surface-active layer (surfactant), Alveolar macrophage.


Gas Exchange Anatomy

Monday, November 26, 2018

Muscles of Respiration Anatomy

Muscles of Respiration Anatomy


Muscles of Respiration Anatomy
Accessory Quiet breathing, Sternocleidomastoid (elevates sternum), Expiration results from passive recoil of lungs and rib cage, Scalene muscles, Anterior, Middle, Posterior (elevate and fix upper ribs), Principal, Internal intercostal muscles, except interchondral part (aid forced expiration), Abdominals (depress lower ribs, compress abdominal contents, thus pushing up respiratory diaphragm, aiding forced expiration), Rectus abdominis, External abdominal oblique muscle, Internal abdominal oblique muscle.
Respiratory System Anatomy

Respiratory System Anatomy


Respiratory System Anatomy
Sphenoidal sinus, Frontal sinus, Nasal cavity, Superior and supreme, Middle, Inferior, Nasal turbinates (conchae), Nasal vestibule, Ostium of auditory tube, Oral cavity, Epiglottis, Larynx, Vocal fold (cord), Trachea, Aorta, Left main bronchus

Saturday, November 3, 2018

Cross Section of Thorax at T7 Level Anatomy

Cross Section of Thorax at T7 Level Anatomy


Cross Section of Thorax at T7 Level Anatomy
Internal thoracic artery and vein, Left atrium, Right atrium, Interatrial septum, Right inferior pulmonary vein, Azygos vein Esophagus, Serratus anterior muscle, Latissimus dorsi muscle, Inferior angle of scapula, Triangle of auscultation, Neck of 7th rib, Zygapophysial (facet) joint, Sternum (body), Right ventricle, Anterior interventricular sulcus
Cross Section of Thorax at T4-5 Disc Level Anatomy

Cross Section of Thorax at T4-5 Disc Level Anatomy


Cross Section of Thorax at T4-5 Disc Level Anatomy
Ascending aorta, Right pulmonary artery, Superior vena cava, Pectoralis major muscle, Right lung, Intercostal muscles, Axillary fossa, Tendon of long head of biceps brachii muscle, Coracobrachialis muscle, Deltoid muscle, Lateral head of triceps brachii muscle, Long head of triceps brachii muscle, Scapula, Rhomboid major muscle, Right main bronchus,
Cross Section of Thorax at T3-4 Disc Level Anatomy

Cross Section of Thorax at T3-4 Disc Level Anatomy


Cross Section of Thorax at T3-4 Disc Level Anatomy
Left recurrent laryngeal nerve, Superior vena cava, Right phrenic nerve, Arch of azygos vein, Right lung, Intercostal muscles, Serratus anterior muscle, Tendon of long head of biceps brachii muscle, Latissimus dorsi, Shaft of tendon humerus, Deltoid muscle, Long head of triceps brachii muscle, Teres major muscle, Teres minor muscle, Scapula
Cross Section of Thorax at T3 Level Anatomy

Cross Section of Thorax at T3 Level Anatomy


Cross Section of Thorax at T3 Level Anatomy
Spinal cord, Sternoclavicular joint (articular disc), Clavicle, Right brachiocephalic vein, Costal cartilage of 1st rib, Pectoralis major muscle, Right lung, Axillary fossa, Tendon of long head of biceps brachii muscle, Surgical neck of right humerus, Deltoid muscle, Intercostal muscles, Subscapularis muscle, Phrenic nerve, Right vagus nerve (CN X)
Chest Scans: Axial CT Images Anatomy

Chest Scans: Axial CT Images Anatomy


Chest Scans: Axial CT Images Anatomy
Sternum, Ascending aorta, Pulmonary trunk, Left lung, Descending thoracic aorta, Pectoralis major muscle, Descending thoracic aorta, Right Left ventricle atrium, Pedicle of vertebra, Lamina of vertebra Inferior vena cava, Right ventricle, Esophagus, Thymus, Superior vena cava, Right pulmonary artery, Right main bronchus.
Nerves of Esophagus Anatomy

Nerves of Esophagus Anatomy


Nerves of Esophagus Anatomy
Anterior view, Esophagus, Recurrent laryngeal nerves, Right recurrent laryngeal nerve, Ansa subclavian, 3rd intercostal nerve, Gray and white rami communicantes, 3rd thoracic ganglion, Sympathetic trunk, Right greater thoracic splanchnic nerve, Sympathetic fibers along left inferior phrenic artery, Branch of posterior vagal trunk to celiac plexus, Greater thoracic splanchnic nerves, Sympathetic fibers along esophageal branch of left gastric artery, Celiac plexus and ganglia, Superior ganglion of vagus nerve, Superior cervical ganglion, Inferior ganglion of vagus nerve, Pharyngeal branch of vagus nerve, Vagus nerve (CN X), Superior laryngeal nerve, Cervical sympathetic trunk, Middle cervical ganglion, Cervical (sympathetic and vagal) cardiac nerves, Cardiac plexus, Vertebral ganglion, Ansa subclavian, Branch to esophagus and recurrent nerve from stellate ganglion, Cervicothoracic (stellate) ganglion.

Wednesday, October 17, 2018

Veins of Esophagus Anatomy

Veins of Esophagus Anatomy


Veins of Esophagus Anatomy
Inferior thyroid vein, Internal jugular vein, External jugular vein, Subclavian vein, Vertebral vein, Inferior thyroid vein, Internal jugular vein, Right brachiocephalic vein, Superior vena cava, Right superior intercostal vein, Esophagus, 6th right posterior intercostal vein, Azygos vein, Junction of accessory hemiazygos and azygos veins, Inferior vena cava (cut), Respiratory diaphragm, Liver,
Arteries of Esophagus Anatomy

Arteries of Esophagus Anatomy


Arteries of Esophagus Anatomy
Esophageal branch of, Inferior thyroid artery, Common carotid artery, Subclavian artery, Esophageal branch of, Inferior thyroid artery, Subclavian artery, Vertebral artery, Common carotid artery, Brachiocephalic trunk, Trachea, Arch of aorta, 3rd right posterior intercostal artery,
Esophagogastric Junction Anatomy

Esophagogastric Junction Anatomy


Esophagogastric Junction Anatomy
Longitudinal esophageal muscle, Circular esophageal muscle, Gradual slight muscular thickening, Phrenicoesophageal ligament (ascending or upper limb), Supradiaphragmatic fascia, Respiratory diaphragm, Infradiaphragmatic (transversalis) fascia, Phrenicoesophageal ligament (descending limb), Peritoneum, Cardiac notch, Esophageal mucosa, Submucosa, Respiratory diaphragm,
Musculature of Esophagus Anatomy

Musculature of Esophagus Anatomy


Musculature of Esophagus Anatomy
Thyroid cartilage, Cricoid cartilage, Left main bronchus, Trachea, Inferior pharyngeal constrictor muscle, Circular muscle layer, Window cut in longitudinal muscle layer, Fibroelastic membranes with sparse muscle fibers, Lateral mass of longitudinal muscle, Bare area on ventral surface of esophagus, Circular muscle layer with sparse longitudinal fibers in V-shaped area (of Laimer),
Topography and Constrictions of Esophagus Anatomy

Topography and Constrictions of Esophagus Anatomy


Topography and Constrictions of Esophagus Anatomy
Incisor tooth, Oropharynx, Epiglottis, Piriform recess, Thyroid cartilage, Cricoid cartilage, Thyroid cartilage, Cricoid cartilage, Cricopharyngeus (muscle) part of inferior pharyngeal constrictor muscle, Pharyngoesophageal constriction, Average length in centimeters, Thoracic (aortobronchial) constriction, Trachea, Arch of aorta, Left main bronchus,

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