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INTERIOR VIEW OF THE BASE OF THE ADULT SKULL


INTERIOR VIEW OF THE BASE OF THE ADULT SKULL
The anterior, middle, and posterior cranial fossae house the anterior frontal lobe, temporal lobe, and cerebellum and brain stem, respectively. The fossae are separated from each other by bony structures and dural membranes. A swelling of the brain or the presence of mass lesions can selectively exert pressure within an individual fossa. The perforated cribriform plate allows the olfactory nerves to penetrate into the olfactory bulb, a site where head trauma can result in the tearing of the penetrating olfactory nerve fibers.

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE BASE OF THE ADULT SKULL


Frontal bone
Sulcus of superior sagittal sinus Frontal crest, Sulcus for anterior meningeal vessels Foramen cecum, Internal surface of orbital part
Ethmoid bone
Crista galli Cribriform plate
Sphenoid bone
Lesser wing, Anterior clinoid process Greater wing, Sulcus for middle meningeal vessels (frontal branches), Body, Jugum Prechiasmatic sulcus, Tuberculum sellae, Sella turcica, Hypophyseal fossa Posterior clinoid process Dorsum sellae, Groove for internal carotid artery
Temporal bone
Squamous part Petrous part, Sulcus of lesser petrosal nerve Sulcus of greater petrosal nerve Cartilage of auditory tube Arcuate eminence Sulcus of superior petrosal sinus Sulcus of sigmoid sinus
Parietal bone
Sulcus for middle meningeal vessels (parietal branches), Mastoid angle                                   
Occipital bone
Basilar part, Sulcus of inferior petrosal sinus Sulci for posterior meningeal vessels Condyle, Sulcus of transverse sinus Sulcus of occipital sinus Internal occipital crest, Internal occipital protuberance, Sulcus of superior sagittal sinus