pediagenosis: Pediatrics
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Showing posts with label Pediatrics. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Pediatrics. Show all posts

Tuesday, June 8, 2021

Resuscitation

Resuscitation

Resuscitation

Figure 1-1 Pediatric and adult airway anatomy.
Figure 1-1 Pediatric and adult airway anatomy.


Cardiopulmonary gency interventi or in respiratory extre PR)  is the series of emergency interventions provided to a person who appears dead or in respiratory extremis, with the goal of restoring vital functions through optimization of cardiac output and tissue oxygen delivery. The two main components are external cardiac massage (chest compressions) and assisted respirations.

Thursday, November 1, 2018

Understanding Investigations III Microbiology

Understanding Investigations III Microbiology


Understanding Investigations III Microbiology
Different methods are available to detect infection. Some are non-specific, such as changes in blood inflammatory markers, and others give specific information about the exact infection. Proof of infection includes direct detection (e.g. microscopy, antigen detection, PCR), detection of an antibody respons ogy) or culture of an organism froma normally sterile site.
Understanding investigations I: Haematology and Clinical Chemistry

Understanding investigations I: Haematology and Clinical Chemistry


Understanding investigations I: Haematology and Clinical Chemistry
Haematology
Interpretation of blood gases
The acidity of the blood is measured by pH. Ideally blood gases should be measured on an arterial sample, but in babies capillary samples are sometimes used, which makes the PO2 unreliable. A high pH refers to an alkalosis and a low pH to an acidosis. The pH is a logarithmic scale, so a small change in pH can represent a large change in hydrogen ion concentration. 

Thursday, October 18, 2018

Growth And Puberty

Growth And Puberty


Growth And Puberty
Growth
Accurate measurement of growth is a vital part of the assessment of children. In order to interpret a child's growth, measurements must be plotted on a growth chart. If there is concern about growth, the rate of growth must be assessed by measuring the child on two occasions at least 4–6 months apart.
Development And Developmental Assessment

Development And Developmental Assessment


Development And Developmental Assessment
Gross motor development

Fine motor development

Speech and language development

Social development
An assessment of developmental progress is important at every clinical encounter with children. It is important to understand the normal progression of development in the early years and to develop skills in examination to assess development in babies and children of different ages.

The Paediatric Consultation

The Paediatric Consultation


The Paediatric Consultation
Communication skills in paediatrics
Paediatricians need to be happy with informality, enjoy humour and appreciate the unpredictability that children bring to consultations! Young children do not have a full understanding of the role of health professionals. Children will naturally be anxious and uncertain in an unfamiliar environment. They may not understand all of the language in the consultation, but they quickly detect a sense of personal warmth, friendliness and relaxed mood in adults around them. It helps to have pictures, toys and videos to help children understand that the room is a good place for children.
Paediatrics And Child Health

Paediatrics And Child Health


Paediatrics And Child Health
Paediatrics is not just about the recognition and treatment of children’s illness. It also encompasses child health, covering all aspects of growth and development, promotion of children’s health and the prevention of disease. It includes every aspect of life from birth through adulthood. In many countries, such as the UK, paediatric care extends up to the age of 18 and covers all children from the very premature infant to teenagers in the workforce.

Friday, July 20, 2018

Teratogenic Agents

Teratogenic Agents


Teratogenic Agents
A teratogenic agent is a chemical, physical, or biologic agent that produces abnormalities during embryonic or fetal development. Maternal disease or altered metabolic state also can affect the development of the embryo or fetus. Theoretically, teratogenic agents can cause birth defects in three ways:

Wednesday, July 18, 2018

Multifactorial Inheritance Disorders

Multifactorial Inheritance Disorders

Multifactorial Inheritance Disorders
Multifactorial inheritance disorders are caused by multiple genes and, in many cases, environmental factors. The exact number of genes contributing to multifactorial traits is not known, and these traits do not follow the same clear-cut pattern of inheritance as do single-gene disorders. Disorders of multifactorial inheritance can be expressed during fetal life and be present at birth, or they may be expressed later in life. Congenital disorders that are thought to arise through multi- factorial inheritance include cleft lip or palate, clubfoot, congenital dislocation of the hip, congenital heart disease, pyloric stenosis, and urinary tract malformation. Environmental factors are thought to play a greater role in disorders of multifactorial inheritance that develop in adult life, such as coronary artery disease, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and cancer.

Anatomy Physiology

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